Custom Segments

Monitor custom code blocks inside your application.

What are segments

Segments represents the tasks executed during the current execution cycle.

Thanks to Inspector you are able to put everything you want in your transaction's timeline getting a real-time feedback about the execution of a code block inside your app:

  • DB queries

  • Http call to external services (webhooks, integration, etc.)

  • Functions that deal with files (pdf, excel, images)

  • Data manipulation processes (import/export, data aggregation, etc.)

and anything else you think is relevant.

Add Segments (short form)

This is the most easy way to wrap a code block with a monitor:

$inspector->addSegment(function () {
// Code block that you want add to the transaction timeline.
// DB queries, http calls, etc.
}, 'type', 'label');

The code block inside the callback will be transparently executed, and your script will continue its execution normally. Inspector will works under the hood to profile execution performance.

Here is an example of how you'll be able to explore your code performance execution in your dashboard thanks to the timeline:

A new segment in the transaction's timeline

As showed in the example above a new segment is built with two input parameters:

Parameter

Required

Description

type

YES

This is the master category of your segments

label

NO

Human readable label or specific task's name that will be showed inside the timeline in your Inspector dashboard. If it isn't provided type is used as label.

Think about how database queries is reported. That's one master category like mysql but each query has its own custom label that simply is an extract of the sql code executed.

  • mysql: master type

  • select * from table: task name

In this way you can mark toghether the statements related to the same topic or service, using something like mysql as type parameter and use the specific query string or task name as label for each statements of this type.

Add Segments (extended code)

You can use startSegment() method on the Inspector instance to manually control the monitoring of the code block:

/*
* Create a new "segment" that will be automatically attached
* to the current transaction.
*/
$segment = $inspector->startSegment('type', 'label');
try {
/*
* Write here your code block
*/
} catch(UnauthorizedException $exception) {
/*
* Report the exception to Inspector for diagnosis purpose.
*/
$inspector->reportException($exception);
} finally {
/*
* Close the code block with end() method to stop segment monitoring.
*/
$segment->end();
}

As you can see in the example above we use try/catch/finally to be sure that your code block is monitored in a consistent way.

Or you can use addSegment() that implements this strategy for you as seen above:

$inspector->addSegment(function () {
/*
* Write here your code block
*/
}, 'type', 'label');

Segments tips and tricks

It may happen that you aren't able to wrap directly the statement to trace performance, so it might be useful to add a segment after the task has been executed.

In this case you can create the segment manually passing the start time in the start() method, and the duration in the end() method, as shown in the example below:

/*
* Http call to an external url could be perfromed with following result.
*/
$url = 'https://www.inspector.dev';
$duration_ms = 10; // Duration in milliseconds
/**
* -----------------------------------------
* Create the segment manually setting timing information.
* -----------------------------------------
*/
// convert duration in seconds
$timespamp_start = microtime(true) - ($duration_ms/1000)
$inspector->startSegment('api', $url)
->start($timespamp_start)
->end($duration_ms);